Copyright and ethical issues

In the role of doctoral student as well as within the research environment in general, you will encounter several issues related to copyright and ethical issues.  Research ethical issues span a wide range, from formal permission in connection to trials involving animals or humans, to issues of fraud and misconduct.

Research misconduct

Science and the researcher's authority enjoy great confidence in society. Scientific misconduct is, therefore, a very serious matter. Misconduct means, among other things, falsification or fabrication of data, plagiarism, and misrepresentation of people's contributions in research. The university has established guidelines for the management of suspected misconduct. 

Cheating in doctoral education

The Higher Education Ordinance (Chapter 10) says that disciplinary action may be taken against students who "attempt to deceive during examinations or when academic work is otherwise assessed." Such cheating can lead to a warning or temporary suspension from studies. Those responsible for doctoral education programmes are obliged to report suspicions of fraud to the Vice-Chancellor, who will then let investigate the matter for consideration in the university's disciplinary committee.


Both the material you produce and the materials you use in teaching or in research are protected by copyright.This must be considered in your role as a PhD student and you are therefore encouraged to read the information that is linked below.

Documents and guidelines in regards to these matters

Suspected misconduct in research is handled by:
Guidelines for management of suspected misconduct in research (pdf) 

Information in regards to copyright questions:
Copyright for researchers