Data Management Plan
A Data Management Plan (DMP) is a living document used to describe how research data is handled during the research process and after a research project is finished. Its purpose is to facilitate the preservation and accessibility of research data.
The point of a Data Management Plan is to highlight various aspects of the research data process, such as the collection, documentation, analysis, storage and archiving to facilitate the reuse of the data in future research. What the DPM looks like depends on the scientific field, type of data and demands from higher education institutions. Several funders, including the EU project Horizon 2020, now require DMPs at the grant application submission state.
Swedish National Data Service (Svensk Nationell Datatjänst, SND) has created a checklist for DPMs (pdf). It can be good to keep in mind that all parts of the checklist aren't equally important for all projects.
DMPonline is a tool to create data management plans developed by the British Digital Curation Center (DCC). It is possible to create an account with them even though it says "UK users only". There are a number of different DPM templates in the tool, and they are all based on the requirements of various funders. For example, there is a template for projects funded by Horizon 2020. There are no templates for Swedish funders in DMPOnline, but there is a neutral template that can be used. A suggestion is to begin creating a DMP in the tool, and then exporting it to continue working with it independently of it as DMPonline offers good support in the initial phase of writing a DPM.
Remember that the DMP is a living document. Each time there is a development in a research project the DPM should be updated to reflect these changes.