The Lifeworld Group gathers together researchers working with research subjects and methods based on the existential philosophy. Knowledge is created that is then implemented in the Faculty's educational programmes and which is valuable for people who provide and receive care in different care contexts.
The goal is to be a leading research group within caring science in Sweden. The work is done parallel to and integrated into issues affecting patient-near care with a focus on existential issues in relation to health, illness, and suffering, and how caring can contribute to well-being and a good life, even in illness. It is also about developing knowledge about how patients' own abilities in regards to health and well-being can be developed. And thus follows the goal of developing knowledge about Lifeworld-based care.
Research interest is also directed towards learning research with a focus on learning strategies that can strengthen caregivers' readiness to meet individual needs. These include developing learning aids that optimise students' and carers' learning processes so that they can consciously provide care that relieves suffering and creates conditions for well-being. Also key is how didactics can support patients' and their families' learning so that they are given the opportunity to live a good life. The task is therefore to develop knowledge of Lifeworld-based learning in care contexts.
The research group meets the need for a collective group that works with caring science field and method development. Research with a lifeworld basis requires scientific awareness and scientific methods to study the varying meanings in an individual's lifeworld. Therefore, there is particular interest in the development of scientific methods that are able to embrace diversity and variations in the phenomenon being studied. The research is based on a human science foundation that makes it possible to develop knowledge about human suffering and well-being in caring and learning.
Different strategies for data collection, which can describe the lived experiences in a deeper sense, as well as methods for the analysis of the lifeworld descriptions, are developed and tested constantly in the ongoing empirical studies. One challenge is to develop a methodology that can be applied to study caring, learning, and reflection as continuous processes in care practice. Methods on a broad basis are tested: group interviews, individual interviews, observation, recording of supervisory sessions, written reports, and surveys. The research is conducted largely through innovative projects with clear interventions.
Within lifeworld research, there is also active work with the development of forms of knowledge dissemination. One aim here is to develop a methodology for the communication of research results so that these can reach beyond academia. The following ideas are in focus:
- Research and new knowledge need to be actualised to reach out to the patient's world
- Professional carers should be given opportunities to reflect on new knowledge in relation to their own experience-based and practical knowledge
- Research results and new knowledge need to be transformed and adapted to carers' experiences
- Various methods, such as drama, theatre, film, poetry, music, or other forms of creative teaching methods, as well as workshops and posters, can support reflection and the adoption of research results.
Based on these ideas, innovative projects are planned and implemented examining, reviewing, and developing methods of research to address caring in reflective communication, involving both researchers and practitioners.