A scholarship from Erasmus Mundus took Sindor Pardaev to Borås

What took you to Borås?

– I won a scholarship called Erasmus Mundus II, which is a scholarship programme funded by the European Commission TOSCA II. Erasmus Mundus is a cooperation and mobility programme in the field of higher education that aims to enhance the quality of European higher education and to promote dialogue and understanding between people and cultures.

What have you been doing at the University of Borås?

– I studied the technology of recycling of organic wastes through biogas production in anaerobic processes. My special field is the anaerobic fermentation process and I conducted laboratory experiments.  In the experiments I studied the process of dry termination or digestion of agricultural waste to biogas.

What does “anaerobic” mean?

 – Anaerobic means “without oxygen” so an anaerobic process is a process that doesn't require oxygen. Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. The process is used for industrial or domestic purposes to manage waste or to produce fuels. It turns organic materials into biogas consisting mainly of methane and carbon dioxide.

You are one of the authors to an article called "Biohydrogen and carboxylic acids production from wheat straw hydrolysate". Can you explain -  in a "simple" way - what it is all about?

– In simple explanation this research is the definition of the “energy performance (production) of anaerobic microorganisms in different portions of feeds”. Therefore, I studied the technology of recycling of organic waste through biogas production in anaerobic processes.

Where is the article published?

– The article is published in the Journal of Bioresource Technology, which is an international journal. We are three authors, Konstantinos Chandolias, Mohammad J.Taherzadeh and myself. 

What do you think about your stay here at the university? What has it meant to you?

– It was my first visit in Europe. It has been great! I really enjoyed being a PhD student in Sweden and I appreciate the surroundings. Also, the Swedish Center for Resource Recovery is just world-class and has modern equipment. The research within the center is of a very high level and conducts many scientific studies on the recycling of different organic wastes to obtain bioenergy. The university has modern laboratories and highly qualified researchers, as well as an extensive library and a variety of high scientific research potential. I really enjoyed my stay here; all the knowledge that I received and all the contacts I was able to make. I will miss Sweden a lot and I wouldn’t hesitate if I would have the opportunity to come back one day.

You told me that you very much appreciate the university library, why?

– I really like the library here! They have an Online Computer Library Centre, network services and international network facilities that enables the lending and borrowing of e-books from libraries all over the world. Through Academic Library Open Access international journals offers full-text access to electronic journals and books and to bibliographic databases. I think that this offers all students good opportunities for their studies. I received a lot of new material that was very helpful for me, and this material will also be very useful for my further studies.

What are you going to do now?

– I will continue my research in Uzbekistan. The results of my research and the experience of scientific materials from the University of Borås can be applied directly in my future research and in teaching activities. It will enrich the research base of these subjects and sciences in Uzbekistan because of my new knowledge. I have also developed skills in how to successfully write and defend a PhD thesis. Consequently, these two years has greatly helped me in my career to become a highly qualified specialist. In the future I can develop this area of science in Uzbekistan also when it comes to implementation and manufacturing.  I will introduce these methods of research in science in Uzbekistan, to create schools in this area which can be foundations for the development of the production of natural gas and compost in methane digester using methane-forming processes. This gives the opportunity to dispose of large stocks of waste by using modern methods and to develop it on an industrial scale.

Read more: The article "Biohydrogen and carboxylic acids production from wheat straw hydrolysate"

Text: Elisabeth Eliason
Photo: private